What is a caesarean section and what are the different types?

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    What is a caesarean section and what are the different types?

    Kejsarsnitt är en typ av förlossning som innebär att man plockar ut barnet ur mammans livmoder genom ett kirurgiskt ingrepp, oftast när en vaginal förlossning inte är möjlig. Här hjälper vi dig reda ut vad kejsarsnitt är, vilka olika typer av kejsarsnitt som finns och vad tiden efter operationen innebär!

    Vad är ett kejsarsnitt och vad innebär det? 

    Ett kejsarsnitt är ett ingrepp man gör för att plocka ut ett barn genom ett snitt i mammans buk och livmoder. Det kan göras av olika anledningar, exempelvis om det finns komplikationer som hotar mammans eller barnets hälsa, om barnet ligger i fel position eller om mamman tidigare varit med om ett snitt. Kejsarsnitt kan ibland vara planerat, men kan också bli akut om det uppstår komplikationer under en vaginal förlossning. Därför vet man aldrig innan man ska föda hur själva förlossningen kommer gå till, om man inte tillsammans med en läkare planerat ett snitt i förväg. Hela operationen tar brukar ta någonstans mellan 30 minuter till en timme. Det tar dock bara några minuter från det att operationen startar tills att bebis är ute. 

    Tiden efter kejsarsnittet

    Återhämtningen kan vara längre jämfört med en vaginal förlossning. Du som mamma kommer behöva vila och undvika tunga lyft i några veckor. Såret kan göra ont ett tag efter operationen, men du får smärtstillande.

    Du kanske också är intresserad av: Guide: Time after a caesarean section

    Planerat, akut eller omedelbart

    Det finns tre olika typer av kejsarsnitt, det som avgör är hur pass akut situationen under förlossningen blir. 

    Planerat kejsarsnitt: under den här operationen får du vara vaken, men får givetvis bedövning. Ett planerat snitt kan exempelvis ske om bebis ligger i sätesbjudning eller om du av någon anledning inte får eller kan föda vaginalt. Under planerade snittet får partnern eller annan anhörig som du har med dig under förlossningen följa med in under operation. 

    Akut kejsarsnitt: oftast görs akuta snitt om förlossningen till exempel inte går framåt eller om fostret inte mår bra inne i magen. Oftast får partner eller anhörig följa med in vid den här typen.

    Omedelbart kejsarsnitt: sker när barnet behöver komma ut väldigt snabbt, ifall det blir komplikationer under förlossningen eller om det finns något som hotar barnets liv under graviditeten. Vid omedelbara snitt brukar man bli sövd, och partner eller anhörig får vänta utanför.

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