Everything about non-pharmacological pain management

Verified by

Sara Dellner

Midwife

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    Everything about non-pharmacological pain management

    Verified by

    Sara Dellner

    Midwife

    Smärtlindring är en av de stora samtalsämnena när det kommer till en förlossning. I den här artikeln kommer vi gå igenom icke farmakologisk smärtlindring och de olika alternativen som finns.

    Icke farmakologisk smärtlindring innebär att man blockerar eller lindrar smärtan från inre organ genom att beröra känselreceptorer i huden, som då konkurrerar ut nervimpulser från till exempel livmodern. Man skulle kunna beskriva icke farmakologisk smärtlindring som ett naturligt alternativ till andra smärtlindringsmetoder, och det är ofta det första alternativet som erbjuds den födande.

    Med hjälp av distraktion och medveten andning kan du fokusera på annat än den fysiska smärtan och på så sätt kan upplevelsen av smärtan lindras eller förändras till något mer hanterbart.

    Icke-farmakologisk smärtlindring att välja bland:

    Värme – till exempel via värmekudde, varm dusch eller bad

    Massage – stimulerar hudens känselreceptorer och konkurrerar ut smärtsignalerna från livmodern

    Yoga – fungerar även toppen som graviditetsträning där du tränar på medveten andning tillsammans med fysiska övningar!

    • Psykiskt och/eller socialt stöd

    Uppmuntran

    Avslappningsövningar

    Andningsövningar

    TENS (transkutannervstimulering) – via små elektroniska plattor stimuleras hudens känselreceptorer och blockerar/lindrar även smärtsignalerna från livmodern. En TENS-apparat kan du hyra på vissa fysioterapeutmottagningar och vårdcentraler, men de finns även på många förlossningskliniker. Självklart kan du även köpa en TENS-apparat själv, men fråga gärna någon erfaren person då det finns en uppsjö av olika modeller.

    Acupuncture – en metod som blivit alltmer populär inom förlossningsvården, både för smärtlindring men även i värkstimulerande syfte och för avslappning. Många barnmorskor är utbildade i att ge akupunktur.

    Sterila kvaddlarbarnmorskan injicerar sterilt vatten i huden vilket stimulerar känselreceptorer i samma konkurrerande syfte som beskrivet ovan.

    Vill du läsa mer om farmakologisk smärtlindring? Klicka here!

    You may also be interested in

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