Pelvic pain: information & tips for relief

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    Pelvic pain: information & tips for relief

    Under graviditeten blir kroppens leder rörligare, det är för att bäckenet behöver vidga sig under förlossningen för att släppa igenom barnet. Bäckenet blir då rörligare och du kan få ont i samband med detta, då är det vanligt att drabbas av bäckensmärta. Här går vi igenom vad bäckensmärta är och hur du kan lindra besvären.

    Bäckensmärta, eller symfyseolys på medicinskt språk, är vanligt under graviditet och är ofarlig både för den gravida och fostret. En läkare eller fysioterapeut kan ge dig diagnosen bäckensmärta. I bäckenet finns fogar och leder som håller samman benen i bäckenet. De flesta brukar få ont över en fog som finns vid symfysen, alltså mitt på pubisbenet, och över två områden bak i korsryggen (SI-lederna).

    Hur känns bäckensmärta?

    Hormonet Relaxin utsöndras under graviditeten och bildas i äggstockarna samt moderkakan. Relaxin mjukar upp fogarna och gör lederna i bäckenet mer rörligt för att barnet ska kunna passera under förlossningen. Finurligt uttänkt av kroppen, men instabilitet i bäckenet kan göra otroligt ont. Ibland kan bäckensmärta göra dig begränsad i dina dagliga aktiviteter. Bäckensmärta kan vara svårt att lindra helt men du kan hjälpa till att träna musklerna kring fogar och leder för att på så sätt stabilisera bäckenet. Det bästa är att ta hjälp av en fysioterapeut och gärna någon med fördjupad kunskap i kvinnohälsa – fråga på MVC för att få rätt hjälp. Vissa fysioterapeuter kan även ge dig akupunktur i smärtlindrande syfte vilket brukar hjälpa många som får bäckensmärta när de är gravida.

    Alla gravida kan få bäckensmärta men risken ökar om du tidigare i livet haft ont i ryggen, skadat bäckenet eller lyfter tungt. Hur mycket bäckensmärta du eventuellt får beror till stor del på hur aktiv du är under dagen. Ofta får du mer smärta på kvällen om du rört på dig mycket under dagen.

    13 tips för att motverka bäckensmärta:

    • Försök att inte sitta med benen i kors
    • Ta kortare steg än normalt
    • Gå i långsamt tempo
    • Träna muskler omkring lederna i bäckenet
    • Försök att ha en rak hållning i nedre delen av ryggen (svanka inte)
    • Bär bekväma skor
    • Om du sover på sidan, ha en kudde mellan knäna så att bäckenet inte pressas ihop
    • Bälte mot foglossning! Bäckenbälte brukar hjälpa många med foglossning och finns att köpa hos en fysioterapeut
    • Duscha varmt
    • Gå på massage
    • Använd en TENS-apparat
    • Akupunktur
    • Värmekudde

    Om smärtan inte försvinner efter förlossningen:

    Bäckensmärta försvinner oftast efter förlossningen, men inte för alla. Om smärtan efter förlossning kvarstår, alltså att du har bäckenbottenrelaterad smärta även efter din graviditet, är det viktigt att du söker hjälp för att ditt bäckenbotten ska läka och bli bättre. Fråga din barnmorska eller vänd dig till vården för att få rätt hjälp!

    Läs även vår artikel om övningar vid bäckensmärta här.

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    You may also be interested in

    • 8 tips for getting into labour

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    • 7 sure signs that birth is near

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    • What is pelvic pain? - All about pelvic pain

      Pelvic pain during pregnancy is a common occurrence. When healthcare professionals talk about pelvic pain, they refer to it as pelvic pain or pelvic floor pain. So, what does laminitis feel like? When you're pregnant, your body's joints become more mobile, which is...
    • Pelvic floor exercise for pregnant women - Good exercises

      Have you experienced pelvic pain during your pregnancy? Pelvic pain is common but can be very painful and prevent you from living a normal life. However, there are exercises and pelvic floor exercises that can help relieve your pelvic pain during pregnancy...
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